The monument was erected in 1984 to remember of the Kristallnacht (Night of broken glass) in Aachen.
Aachen has a deep-rooted Jewish history which is also reflected in this monument. Various inscriptions educate the visitor about the history.
One of these inscribed plates states that it all started in 797 when Charlemagne (Karl der Grosse) politically bonded with the kalif Harun-Al Raschid. Over the next almost 1200 years Jewish life was part of the peaceful Aachen town picture.
In the years 1933-1945 about 700 Jewish citizens were deported to death camps.
The Night of broken glass historically refers to the night 9-10 November 1938 when all over Germany Nazis destroyed Jewish stores, buildings, and synagogues. The name results from all the smashed glass that littered the streets.
However, the Kristalldenkmal in Aachen shall specifically remind of the defilement and destruction of a synagogue on 8 November 1938.
Architecture & Art
The monument is made from glass and has the shape of the Davidstern (Magen David or Star of David, a compound of two equilateral triangles forming a hexagram).
The Kristallnachtdenkmal was created by the German sculpturer Heinz Tobolla (1925-2013) who was also an associated lecturer at the University of applied science of Aachen (FH, Fachhochschule Aachen).
Type of activities
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