Canada is a highly urbanized country in the northern part of North America. The area outside of the cities is very remote and dominated by forest, mountains, lakes, and tundra. As it stretches up to the Arctic Ocean, the weather conditions can vary from hot summers in the south to freezing conditions in the north. Canada is the second-largest country by total area. Officially being bilingual, the French language dominates the eastern part of the country, while English is the primary language along the border to the USA.